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发布于:2018-11-20 17:10:30  访问:647 次 回复:0 篇
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Noticias En Canarias
Precisely whenever, plus in exactly what number, people occupied the islands remains a mystery. Just what seems clear, nevertheless, is the fact that they originated in a few north African tribes. One of these may have now been the Canarii tribe, which could give an explanation for islands’ current name. Certainly, by enough time swashbucklers that are european nosing across the islands into the Middle Ages, these were peopled by a number of tribes.
Which has no written record continues to be of visits towards the Fortunate Isles before the century that is 14th. The first vaguely tenable account of a landing that is european in the late 13th or early 14th century once the Genoese captain Lanzarotto (or Lancelotto) Malocello bumped in to the area that will later on bear their title: Lanzarote. There after, slavers, dreamers looking for the Río de Oro (the River of Gold path for the renowned gold that is african, which many thought spilled into the Atlantic at comparable latitude while the islands) and missionaries bent on spreading the phrase all made excursions to your islands.
Among these missions, the most crucial and influential ended up being the Italian-led and expedition that is portuguese-backed of. Three caravels (two- or sailing that is three-masted) charted a course around all seven islands and took note of even the tiniest islets: the Canary Islands were finally, and more or less accurately, on the map.
On 1 May 1402, Jean de Béthencourt, lord of Granville in Normandy (France) plus one of an adventurer, set out from La Rochelle having a tiny and ill-equipped celebration bound for the Canary Islands. The avowed aim, because the priests brought along for the ride would testify, would be to transform the heathen islanders. Uppermost in de Béthencourt’s head was much more likely the hope of glory and a franc that is fast. Along with his partner, Gadifer de la Salle, he might have hoped to use the Canaries as a launch pad for research of the coast that is african search of this Río de Oro. That project never ever got from the ground, plus the buccaneers chose to just take the islands over rather. Therefore commenced a lengthy and chapter that is inglorious of, treachery and bungling. Many Guanches would lose their everyday lives or be offered into slavery within the century that is coming with the remainder destined to be swallowed up by the invading society.
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De Vera continued the campaign and had the chance to capture the island’s other guanarteme, Tenesor Semidan (known as Don Fernando Guanarteme after his baptism), in a assault on Gáldar by sea. Tenesor Semidan had been delivered to Spain, transformed into Christianity and came back in 1483 to persuade his countrymen to provide the fight up. This they did and de Vera subsequently recommended that some might want to subscribe to an attack on Tenerife. Duly embarked, de Vera committed the act that is umpteenth of that had marked the long several years of conquest: he packed them off to be sold as slaves in Spain. However the Canarios learnt of this and forced the vessels transporting them to dock at Lanzarote.
After the suppression that is frightful of revolt on La Gomera in 1488, de Vera was relieved of his post as captain-general for the conquest.
De Vera’s successor was Galician Alonso Fernández de Lugo, whom in 1491 received a royal commission to conquer La Palma and Tenerife. He started in La Palma in November and by May of this year that is following the island in check. This he achieved partly by negotiation, though the last mencey (Guanche master) of La Palma, Tanausú, and his men maintained opposition within the virtually impregnable crater associated with Caldera de Taburiente. Only by enticing him out for speaks on 3 might after which ambushing him could de Lugo beat his last adversary regarding the area. For La Palma, the war ended up being over.
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